Internet is not a safe place who doesn’t take care of their online privacy and security. There are millions of infections available online which are attacking more and more number of users on daily basis. So here some precautionary measures are given to keep yourself protected against online infections and scams.
Verify data is encrypted
Encrypt all the confidential information that you are sharing and transferring over the internet. Encrypt information such as credit card numbers, usernames, or passwords and send it securely. To verify this, look for Internet browser security lock (a small lock) next to the address bar or in the bottom right corner of your browser window. Once you are able to see this, makes sure that it should be in the locked position. Also make sure that the URL begins with https.
Data is encrypted if the lock is in the locked position. No one can intercept the data if try to intercept it if the data is locked. All information can be read if there is no lock visible and once it is intercepted. Use a password that you don’t use with protected sites if a web page such as online forum is not secure.
Use a safe and strong password
You should use strong and safe passwords for those websites which store confidential data. It is advised to you that use a different and strong password for each website that requires a login. Use a password manager if you cannot remember your passwords.
If available, enable two-factor authentication
If you enable two-factor authentication, you add an additional step for your online protection while verifying a login. Typically with two-factor authentication, after entering password, if the service does not recognize your device, you will receive a text message with a specific code to login. It is a good way of protection because no one can access your account even though one has a valid password because it requires that specific code to login.
E-mail is not encrypted
Never transmit you highly confidential data like your credit card information, passwords, and bank details over e-mail is not encrypted and any intruder may hack and read it.
Be careful while accepting or agreeing to prompts
Read and understand the agreement before clicking on the Ok button while installing any program. Cancel or close the window if you do not understand the agreement or feel that it is not necessary to install the program.
Additionally, check out for any check box that asks if it’s ok to install a third-party program, toolbar, etc. If it asks so, leave these boxes unchecked or cancel the install as these third-party programs causes more issues than good.
Be aware of phishing scams
Be aware of different types of phishing scams and techniques, which are meant to trick innocent users into providing their account information.
Stay concerned where you’re logging in from
Business: Your place of work can install key loggers or use various ways of monitoring you system when you are online. Someone who has access to this information may be able reading and recording this information. So it is recommended to you that don’t store any password in your browser if your system is shared with co-workers.
Wireless network: Your computer can be intercepted and read by someone else who is nearby when you are on a wireless network. Log onto a secure network using WEP or WPA to prevent this from happening. If you are on a home network. Make sure that it secure.
Friend’s house: Be careful if logging into an account on a friend’s computer because a computer or network you are not familiar with could unintentionally or intentionally log usernames and passwords. Never save the password information on the browser if you are logging into any site on a friend’s computer.
Use the latest browser
An outdated browser is highly insecure so use the latest version of the browser like use Microsoft Edge instead of Internet Explorer and also use alternative browser such as Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox to stay safe.
Be attentive of those around you
Be careful of anyone’s shoulder surfing at work, school, library, or anywhere else. At such places, people may watch you filling up your confidential information like login ids and passwords. To keep your information private that display on the screen, use privacy filter for the display.
Update Internet browser plugins
Make sure all installed Internet plug-ins like Adobe Flash are up-to-date as often attackers find out security vulnerabilities through browser plugins.
Secure saved passwords
Always store passwords and login information in a secure area. Never write login information in a text file that is not encrypted or on a sticky note. Use a password manager to keep your login information secure.
Have against malware, spyware, and viruses
Give the complete protection to your device by installing an anti-virus program on it. Software programs like Trend Micro, Norton, Avira, etc. can keep your computer safe against malware, viruses, and other such infections.
If in case you don’t want to install anti-virus protection and running the latest version of Windows, run at least Windows Defender on your computer.